Ethnobotanical studies in Astor valley, Nanga Parbat, Pakistan
Astor valley adjoin the eastern part of Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) consists of more than 100 villages. Local communities are dependent on surrounding plant resources for fruits, vegetables, fodder, shelter and healthcare. Data was collected through questionnaire and interview with 30 respondents from three villages Khumadas, Gorikot and Harcho. In total 33 plant species were recorded along with their local names, part used, purpose and diseases treated. The most commonly used medicinal plants are Mentha longifolia Huds. (Phhileel), Thymus linearis Benth. (Tumoro), Saussurea petiolata Komarov ex Lipsch. (Mumiran), Berberis lyceum Royle (Ishkeen), Cichorium intybus L. (Chitay iskanaji), Swertia petiolata Royle (Mumiran), Viola pilosa Blume (Lillio), Ferula narthex Boiss. (Sup), Bergenia ciliata Stein (Sanspur). The medicinal plants are used for stomach problem, cough, asthma, acidity, dysentery, pneumonia, cold, fever, blood pressure, eye diseases, dental diseases, swelling, anti-allergic, burning, skin problems, typhoid etc. The area depleted, due to over-exploitation of herbs and trees should be protected completely and attempt should be made to cultivate these plants at different localities and elevations. There is need to assess and identify the factors affecting biodiversity and indigenous knowledge system for mountain natural resource utilization and conservation.
Acknowledgement: We are thankful to the people who participated in the study.
References: Khan W S and Khatoon S (2007) Pakistan Journal of Botany 39(3): 699–710