Int J Sports Med 2011; 32(11): 851-855
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1279718
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Time Motion and Video Analysis of Classical Ballet and Contemporary Dance Performance

M. A. Wyon1,2 , E. Twitchett1 , M. Angioi1 , F. Clarke1 , G. Metsios1 , Y. Koutedakis1,3
  • 1Research Centre for Sport Exercise and Performance, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall, UK
  • 2National Institute of Dance Medicine and Science, Birmingham, UK
  • 3Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision April 28, 2011

Publication Date:
03 November 2011 (online)


Video analysis has become a useful tool in the preparation for sport performance and its use has highlighted the different physiological demands of seemingly similar sports and playing positions. The aim of the current study was to examine the performance differences between classical ballet and contemporary dance. In total 93 dance performances (48 ballet and 45 contemporary) were analysed for exercise intensity, changes in direction and specific discrete skills (e. g., jumps, lifts). Results revealed significant differences between the 2 dance forms for exercise intensity (p<0.001), changes in direction (p<0.001) and discrete skills (p<0.05) with gender differences noted in the latter (p<0.05). Ballet was characterised by longer periods at rest (38 s.min−1) and high to very high exercise intensities (9 s.min−1), whilst contemporary dance featured more continuous moderate exercise intensities (27 s.min−1). These differences have implications on the energy systems utilised during performance with ballet potentially stressing the anaerobic system more than contemporary dance. The observed high rates in the discrete skills in ballet (5 jumps.min−1; 2 lifts.min−1) can cause local muscular damage, particularly in relatively weaker individuals. In conclusion, classical ballet and contemporary dance performances are as significantly different in the underlying physical demands placed on their performers as the artistic aspects of the choreography.



Dr. Matthew Alexander Wyon

University of Wolverhampton


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