pferde spiegel 2011; 14(1): 24-30
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1270727

© Enke Verlag in MVS Medizinverlage Stuttgart GmbH & Co. KG

Endodontische Therapien an den Schneidezähnen des Pferdes

Manfred Stoll
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 March 2011 (online)


Injuries of equine incisors with opening of the pulp chamber need special treatments. Depending on the age of the injury different treatment options are necessary. Fresh injuries or iatrogenic opening of the pulp chamber can be treated within 6–12 hours with a vital pulpotomy. To eliminate bacterial contaminated pulp, 10 mm of the occlusal part of the pulp will be removed with a burr. The pulp will be covered with calcium hydroxide and the cavity will be filled with glass ionomer cement and composite. Older injuries have very little success with this procedure. They can be treated with a root canal therapy. All inflamed or necrotic pulp material will be completely removed from the pulp canal down to the apical foramen. If bleeding occurs because of severe infection around the apical foramen a temporary filling of the pulp canal will be done with calcium hydroxide paste, covered with a composit filling on top. One to two months after temporary fillings or following a routine root canal cleaning without bleeding, the pulp canal will be filled with sealer and guttapercha and covered with glass ionomer cement and composite.


  • 1 Baker G J. Endodontic Therapy.. In: Baker G J, Easley J, eds. Equine Dentistry.. 2nd edn. Edinburgh: Elsevier, Saunders; 2005: 294-295
  • 2 Baker G J, Kirkland K D. Endodontic therapy in the horse. Proc 38th Annu Conv AAEP 1992: 329-335
  • 3 Carr G, Bentkover S. Surgical Endodontics.. In: Cohen S, Burns R, eds. Pathways of the Pulp.. 7th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 1998: 608-656
  • 4 Carrotte P. Endodontics: Part 9 Calcium hydroxide, root resorption, endo-perio lesions.  Brit Dent J. 2004;  197 735-743
  • 5 Garcia F, Sanromán F, Llorens M P. Endodontics in horses. An experimental study.  Zbl Vet Med. 1990;  37 205-214
  • 6 Dixon P M. Dental extraction and endodontic techniques in horses.  Comp Cont Educ Prac Vet. 1997;  19 628-637
  • 7 Goldstein G S, Anthony J. Basic veterinary endodontics.  Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet. 1990;  12 207-217
  • 8 Klugh D O. Endodontic Considerations of equine Incisor and canine Teeth. Indianapolis; AAEP Focus on Dentistry 2006: 127-132
  • 9 Pretorius S, van Heerden W F. The use of tricure glass ionomer cement as an apical sealant after apicoectomy.  J S Afr Dent Assoc. 1995;  50 360-370
  • 10 Ros K. Der Weg zur guten Zahn-Röntgenaufnahme.  Pferdespiegel. 2010;  2 62-68
  • 11 Wiegand C. Die physiologische Distanz zwischen Zahnpulpa und Kaufläche des Pferdes [Dissertation]. VUW; 2008

TA Manfred Stoll

Pferdepraxis Manfred Stoll

Bleidenstadter Weg 7

65329 Hohenstein-Breithardt