Treatment of malaria in Iranian traditional medicine
The declining efficacy of classical medication in relation to the rapid extension of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistant strains has led to a need for new efficient anti malarial drugs. It is a real necessity to search for new efficient anti malarial compounds and make them accessible to most of the people. An ethnobotanical study was conducted to find plants traditionally used against malaria in Iran. In this study 35 plants were found on the basis of ethnobotanical investigation and searching in Iranian ancient traditional physician's books (1–4). At the same time the anopheles mosquito has developed resistance to many insecticides. There are some plants in Iran that are traditionally used as insect repellent (1–4). Also matching the old medicinal plant names with scientific terminology was done (5–8). First ethnobotanical studies on these plants were carried out at theTraditional Medicine and Materia Medica Research Center (TMRC). Further assessments are in process.
References: 1. Ibn – sina, Qanoon, Lithography, 1296 A.H. reprinted by Institute of medical history study, Islamic and complementary medicine. Tehran 2004.
2. Jorjani S. Zakhireh Kharazmshahi. Bonyade farhang Iran. Tehran First Ed, 1976 PP: 256–273.
3. Davood Ibn-Omar Antaki, Tazkareh olel-Albab. Beirot.
4. Aqili Khorasani, Makhzan ol-Advieh. Enghelab e Eslami publishing and Educational Organization. Tehran 1992.
5. Ghahreman A and Okhovvat A. R. Matching the old medicinal plant names with scientific terminology Vol 1. Tehran University. Tehran. 2004.
6. Dini M. Investigation of various common names of plants used in traditional medicine. Research institute of forests and rangelands. Tehran. 2005.
7. Amin Gh. Popular medicinal plants of Iran. Tehran University. Tehran. 2005.
8. Soltani A. Encyclopedia of traditional medicine (Medicinal plants). Arjmand. Tehran. 2004.