Chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Onosma erecta (Boraginaceae)
Onosma erecta is a Greek endemic plant belonging of Boraginaceae family. The methanolic extract of its aerial parts afforded after chromatographic separations simple hydroxylated compounds such as cis-3-(hydroxymethoxy)propenoic acid, 4-methyl-2-hydroxypentanone, both appearing for the first time as natural products, as well as tricarballylic acid along with the N-oxides of four pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) (1–4). Structures 1, 3 and 4 reported in the present work as well as their free bases after reduction, are new natural products, while structure 2 has been determined before . The chemical structures of all compounds have been determined by means of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and ESI-MS.
References: 1. Logie, C. et al. (1994) Phytochemistry 37:43–109.