Planta Med 2010; 76 - P180
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1264478

Chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Onosma erecta (Boraginaceae)

H Damianakos 2, G Sotiroudis 1, I Chinou 2
  • 1National Research Institute, Institute of Biological Research and Biotechnology, 46, Vas Konstantinou str, 11635 Athens, Greece
  • 2University of Athens, School of Pharmacy, Lab of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products, University campus of Zografou, 15771 Athens, Greece

Onosma erecta is a Greek endemic plant belonging of Boraginaceae family. The methanolic extract of its aerial parts afforded after chromatographic separations simple hydroxylated compounds such as cis-3-(hydroxymethoxy)propenoic acid, 4-methyl-2-hydroxypentanone, both appearing for the first time as natural products, as well as tricarballylic acid along with the N-oxides of four pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) (1–4). Structures 1, 3 and 4 reported in the present work as well as their free bases after reduction, are new natural products, while structure 2 has been determined before [1]. The chemical structures of all compounds have been determined by means of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and ESI-MS.


References: 1. Logie, C. et al. (1994) Phytochemistry 37:43–109.