Int J Sports Med 2010; 31(9): 631-635
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1254137
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Leg Length on ROM, VJ and Leg Dexterity in Dance

M. A. Wyon1 , A. M. Nevill1 , K. Dekker2 , D. D. Brown1 , F. Clarke1 , J. Pelly3 , Y. Koutedakis1
  • 1School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure, Walsall, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
  • 2Vrije University, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 3English National Ballet Company, Physiotherapy, London, United Kingdom
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision April 22, 2010

Publication Date:
29 June 2010 (online)


We investigated the associations between leg length and specific ballet movements in different skill groups. Volunteers were from an undergraduate dance programme (n=18), a pre-professional school (n=43) and from an elite classical ballet company (n=45). Individual data were collected for anthropometry, vertical jump, leg dexterity, and leg active and passive ROM. ANCOVA identified both main effects as significant with regard to vertical jump (gender P<0.001 and skill P=0.017); leg length was also identified as a significant covariate (P=0.023). Analysis of leg dexterity identified no significant effects with gender, skill or leg length. Active and passive range of motion noted gender (P=0.001) and skill (P<0.001) differences. Leg length was found to be negatively associated with both active and passive ROM (P=0.002). In conclusion, the present data highlight the diverse and conflicting effects of leg length on fundamental ballet skills. The longer legs that benefit vertical jump have a negative influence on range of motion and leg dexterity except for highly skilled dancers, who through skill, seem to have overcome the effects of some of these dichotomies.


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Dr. Matthew Alexander Wyon

University of Wolverhampton

School of Sport, Performing

Arts and Leisure

Gorway Rd

WS1 3BD Walsall

United Kingdom

Phone: +44/190/2323 144

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