Int J Sports Med 2010; 31(9): 631-635
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1254137
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Leg Length on ROM, VJ and Leg Dexterity in Dance

M. A. Wyon1 , A. M. Nevill1 , K. Dekker2 , D. D. Brown1 , F. Clarke1 , J. Pelly3 , Y. Koutedakis1
  • 1School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure, Walsall, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
  • 2Vrije University, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 3English National Ballet Company, Physiotherapy, London, United Kingdom
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision April 22, 2010

Publication Date:
29 June 2010 (online)


We investigated the associations between leg length and specific ballet movements in different skill groups. Volunteers were from an undergraduate dance programme (n=18), a pre-professional school (n=43) and from an elite classical ballet company (n=45). Individual data were collected for anthropometry, vertical jump, leg dexterity, and leg active and passive ROM. ANCOVA identified both main effects as significant with regard to vertical jump (gender P<0.001 and skill P=0.017); leg length was also identified as a significant covariate (P=0.023). Analysis of leg dexterity identified no significant effects with gender, skill or leg length. Active and passive range of motion noted gender (P=0.001) and skill (P<0.001) differences. Leg length was found to be negatively associated with both active and passive ROM (P=0.002). In conclusion, the present data highlight the diverse and conflicting effects of leg length on fundamental ballet skills. The longer legs that benefit vertical jump have a negative influence on range of motion and leg dexterity except for highly skilled dancers, who through skill, seem to have overcome the effects of some of these dichotomies.



Dr. Matthew Alexander Wyon

University of Wolverhampton

School of Sport, Performing

Arts and Leisure

Gorway Rd

WS1 3BD Walsall

United Kingdom

Phone: +44/190/2323 144

Fax: +44/190/2323 228