Endoscopy 2010; 42: E231-E232
DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1244227
Unusual cases and technical notes

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Gastric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor masquerading as a pancreatic cystic neoplasm

A.  K.  W.  Fong1 , A.  Y.  B.  Teoh1 , P.  W.  Y.  Chiu1 , S.  K.  H.  Wong1 , E.  K.  W.  Ng1
  • 1Division of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
07 October 2010 (online)

A 56-year-old man presented with epigastric pain since 2 weeks. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed a 3-cm submucosal mass in the posterior wall of the gastric body. Abdominal ultrasound showed a multilocular cystic lesion (10 × 6 × 9 cm) in the pancreatic tail. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) confirmed a multicystic lesion arising from the pancreas ([Fig. 1]).

Fig. 1 Endoscopic ultrasound showing a multicystic lesion intermixed with a solid tumor.

The cysts were macrocystic in nature, ranging from 1 cm to 2 cm in size, and were intermixed with solid tumor. There was no evidence of internal calcifications or connection to the pancreatic duct. The EUS features were suggestive of a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas. However, a subsequent computed tomography scan revealed that the multilocular lesion was arising from the posterior wall of the stomach; this was confirmed on laparotomy ([Fig. 2]).

Fig. 2 Computed tomography (CT) appearances of the gastric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor.

Macroscopically, the tumor was a lobulated, circumscribed mass with a mix of solid and cystic components ([Fig. 3]).

Fig. 3 Macroscopic appearance of the lobulated, circumscribed mass with mixed solid and cystic components.

Histologically, it consisted of proliferating spindle cells in a fibromyxoid stroma, admixed with a moderate amount of mixed inflammatory cellular infiltrate, compatible with a gastric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT).

IMTs are rare neoplasms in adults. Microscopically, they are composed of spindle cells with abundant cytoplasm on an inflammatory background [1]. The diagnosis of IMT is often difficult and there are scarce reports of the EUS appearances. A well-defined hypoechoic mass arising from the submucosa, similar to gastrointestinal stromal tumors, has been described [2] [3]. However, a multilocular cystic appearance along with solid components has not been previously documented in the literature. In the present case, the lesion was initially mistaken to be a pancreatic cystic neoplasm and a retrospective review of the EUS images demonstrated that the tumor was indeed arising from the gastric wall. The mainstay of treatment for IMT is resection with clear margins [4] [5]. After complete resection, the prognosis of IMT is generally good with a low risk of distant metastasis [1] [4] [5].

Competing interests: None




E. K. W. Ng

Department of Surgery
Prince of Wales Hospital

Shatin New Territories
Hong Kong SAR

Fax: +852-2637-7974

Email: endersng@surgery.cuhk.edu.hk