© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York
Does Oral Antipsychotic Pre-Treatment Influence Outcome of a Switch to Long-Acting Injectable Risperidone in Patients with Schizophrenia?
03 February 2010 (online)
Introduction: The objective of this open-label study was to evaluate treatment benefits of risperidone long-acting injectable (RLAI) in patients with schizophrenia following direct transition from oral risperidone (RIS) compared with transition from other oral second generation antipsychotics.
Methods: Stable in- or outpatients (n=206) receiving RIS or OQAZ (olanzapine, quetiapine, amisulpride, ziprasidone) were transitioned to RLAI for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the between-group treatment difference in change in PANSS total score from baseline to endpoint. Secondary outcomes included health-related quality-of-life and therapeutic alliance.
Results: Mean between-group difference in the change in PANSS total score from baseline to endpoint was −6.1 (CI: −17.6, 5.4), suggesting greater improvement in OQAZ than RIS patients. Due to the pre-specified non-inferiority margin of 5.1, it could not be concluded that OQAZ pre-treatment results in an at least non-inferior PANSS reduction versus RIS pre-treatment. Patient satisfaction with medication and change in quality-of-life subscores showed advantages for OQAZ patients.
Discussion: Compared to RIS pre-treatment, clinically stable patients with schizophrenia who are pre-treated with OQAZ might draw a stronger clinical benefit from direct transition to RLAI.
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PD Dr. Bernd Ibach
Psychiatrische Dienste Thurgau