Semin Plast Surg 2009; 23(3): 232-243
DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1224803
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Ethnic Considerations in Buttock Aesthetics

Edward I. Lee1 , Thomas L. Roberts2 , Terrence W. Bruner1
  • 1Division of Plastic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
  • 2Plastic Surgery of the Face and Body, Spartanburg, South Carolina
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
13 July 2009 (online)


There has been increased interest in buttock contouring and augmentation in recent years, which has translated into increased demand for these procedures. In addition, we are witnessing a growing number of patients from all ethnic groups requesting cosmetic surgery in the United States. Buttock aesthetic surgery today consists of either augmentation or recontouring of the gluteal region by one of three methods: (1) liposuction (if only reductive shaping is required); (2) liposuction and augmentation by micro fat grafting; and (3) gluteal implants. Whereas there certainly exists a “universal ideal” of beauty in buttock augmentation, there are fundamental ethnic differences that must be recognized to achieve a desirable surgical outcome. We present an article reviewing current trends in buttock aesthetic procedures and discuss issues relevant to the ethnic populations.


Thomas L RobertsIII M.D. F.A.C.S. 

101 Wood Street, Suite 100

Spartanburg, SC 29303