Biological activity of extracts of Cyrtocarpa procera Kunth
Cyrtocarpa procera (Anacardiaceae) is a tree used in traditional Mexican medicine, the bark of this species, known locally as chupandia, is used to treat ailments such diarrhea and dysentery . In Mexico among the main causes of death are the intestinal infectious diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities of bark extracts of this plant. Air-dried and powdered chupandia bark was extracted with n-hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and acetone at room temperature. The antibacterial activity of the extracts was evaluated against: Shigella dysenteriae, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi. All the tested extracts, except hexane extract exhibited activity against Shigella dysenteriae, on the other hand this extract exhibited anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity. From hexane extract were isolated β-sitosterol and β-amyrin both compounds with proven anti-inflammatory activity.
References: 1. Argueta, V. A., L. Cano, M. Rodarte (1994) Atlas de las plantas de la medicina tradicional mexicana. Instituto Nacional Indigenista. México. pp. 542–543.