CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Ultrasound Int Open 2024; 10: a22216110
DOI: 10.1055/a-2221-6110
Case Report

Esophageal Leiomyoma: Case Report

Olga Kharlamova
1   Diagnostic Ultrasound Unit, Volyn Regional Medical Center of Oncology, Lutsk, Ukraine
2   Department of Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Oncology and Radiation Safety, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
› Author Affiliations


Benign esophageal neoplasms are rare and account for less than 10% of esophageal tumors. Esophageal leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumors of the esophagus, which are usually located in the distal esophagus (Wong T et al. Case Rep Gastroenterol 2021; 15: 861–868). Despite its rarity, esophageal leiomyoma is considered the most common benign form of esophageal tumor. Leiomyoma consists of smooth muscle and fibrous tissue. It usually occurs in middle-aged patients and is twice as common in men (Andrási L et al. BMC Gastroenterol 2021; 21: 47). The size of esophageal leiomyoma is quite variable, but is usually less than 3 cm. Most patients are asymptomatic so that esophageal leiomyoma is detected incidentally during radiological examinations for other reasons. There are very few cases of ultrasound diagnosis of leiomyoma in the literature. Symptoms such as dysphagia, chest pain, and regurgitation are usually associated with a large tumor size (Hasan W et al. Am J Case Rep 2021; 15: 22).

Publication History

Article published online:
08 February 2024

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Bibliographical Record
Olga Kharlamova, Maksym Zhayvoronok. Esophageal Leiomyoma: Case Report. Ultrasound Int Open 2024; 10: a22216110.
DOI: 10.1055/a-2221-6110