Rofo 2023; 195(08): 699-706
DOI: 10.1055/a-2081-3549

Whitepaper: Training in Diagnostic and Interventional Breast Radiology

Article in several languages: English | deutsch
1   Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Germany
Thorsten Alexander Bley
1   Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Germany
2   Radiology, Radiologie München, München, Germany
Detlef Wujciak
3   Radiologische Praxis (BAG Radiologie-Onkologie), Berufsverband der Deutschen Radiologen e. V. – Präsident, Halle (Saale), Germany
4   Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Regensburg, Germany
5   Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, DIAKOVERE Henriettenstift, Hannover, Germany
› Author Affiliations


Purpose Breast imaging represents an integral part of radiology and is subject to strict quality controls. Regarding this, precise diagnostics including multimodal assessment by mammography, sonography, and MRI, including image-guided biopsy and localization procedures, is often decisive and must be performed by experts with profound knowledge and skills in all of these procedures.

However, due to numerous restructurings, breast imaging has been shifted more and more towards large, specialized centers, resulting in less patient exposition and training opportunities for radiologists in smaller sites. The following whitepaper summarizes the current circumstances and discusses opinions of the participating societies.

Materials Under the leadership of the German Roentgen Society (DRG) and with the participation of the DRGʼs AG Mammadiagnostik, the CAFRAD (Chefarztforum Radiologie), the KLR (Konferenz der Lehrstuhlinhaber für Radiologie e. V.), the DRGʼs Forum Junge Radiologie (FJR) and the Berufsverband der Deutschen Radiologen e. V. (BDR), possible solutions were discussed and consented for a structured training in breast radiology in the future.

Results In addition to the teaching provided at the primary workplace, qualified training should be ensured through flexible, multi-institutional, interdisciplinary, and cross-sectoral collaboration. Furthermore, the integration of online case collections and close cooperation with certified breast cancer centers and mammography screening units is recommended. It is indispensible that online courses and case collections adhere to the standards of the national societies and include a maximum of one third of the required cases.

Conclusion In order to provide training in breast radiology at a high professional level, a paradigm shift with closer cooperation of all participants is necessary. This includes close collaboration of the breast imaging societies with the federal medical associations to establish new teaching concepts like e-learning in the training schedule of radiologists.

Key points

  • Breast diagnostics is an integral part of radiology training.

  • Due to recent restructurings, smaller training centers have difficulties in meeting the case numbers demanded by the Specialist Training Regulations (WBO). Improved integration of the new structures and their adaptation to the needs of education are necessary to guarantee standardized high-quality training of young radiologists.

  • The integration of certified case collections enables quality-assured training, even across regions in online-based formats. In accordance with the “blended learning principle”, up to one-third of the required number of patient studies can be substituted with cases from a certified case collection.

  • Legally secured short- and medium-term internships may complement training in radiology.

Citation Format

  • Sauer ST, Bley TA, Wenkel E et al. Whitepaper: Training in Diagnostic and Interventional Breast Radiology. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2023; 195: 699 – 706

Publication History

Received: 26 August 2022

Accepted: 19 April 2023

Article published online:
22 June 2023

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