Hamostaseologie 2022; 42(05): 330-336
DOI: 10.1055/a-1891-9976
Review Article

Von Willebrand Disease—Specific Aspects in Women

Fagr Eladly
1   Department of Medicine, Medical Clinic 2, Institute of Transfusion Medicine, University Hospital, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
,
Wolfgang Miesbach
1   Department of Medicine, Medical Clinic 2, Institute of Transfusion Medicine, University Hospital, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder, which results from a deficiency or dysfunction of von Willebrand factor (VWF). The major symptoms of patients affected by VWD include mucocutaneous and gastrointestinal bleeding, easy bruising, and prolonged provoked bleeding due to injury or surgery. Although women and men are equally likely to be affected by VWD, women continue to be disproportionately affected by the bleeding challenges. Women with VWD suffer from sex-specific symptoms, such as menorrhagia, and are at higher risk of reproductive problems and recurrent miscarriage. Furthermore, pregnant women with VWD are more likely at higher risk of suffering from primary and secondary peripartal hemorrhage and anemia and the need for transfusions. Despite being affected by gynecologic and obstetrical bleeding, women face multiple barriers in obtaining an accurate diagnosis. This constitutes a problem that needs to be addressed, and early appropriate medical care should be ensured. There are several effective treatment options for women with VWD that can significantly improve their quality of life, including desmopressin, VWF concentrates, hormonal therapy, and antifibrinolytic therapy. During pregnancy, the monitoring of VWF activity levels is essential. The peripartal management depends on the type of VWD and on the measured levels of VWF levels and activity prior to delivery.

These authors contributed equally.




Publication History

Received: 08 February 2022

Accepted: 01 July 2022

Article published online:
02 November 2022

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