Thromb Haemost 2022; 122(06): 951-960
DOI: 10.1055/a-1642-4206
Cellular Haemostasis and Platelets

Platelet Activation and Reactivity in a Large Cohort of Patients with Gaucher Disease

1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
2   Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
3   Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Mira Naamad
4   Flow Cytometry Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Dafna Frydman
1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Michael R. Freund
1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Tama Dinur
1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Majdolen Istaiti
1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Michal Becker-Cohen
1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Roni Falk
4   Flow Cytometry Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Eti Broide
4   Flow Cytometry Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
,
Alan D. Michelson
5   Center for Platelet Research Studies, Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, United States
,
Andrew L. Frelinger III
5   Center for Platelet Research Studies, Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, United States
,
Ari Zimran
1   Gaucher Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
3   Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
› Author Affiliations
Funding This study was supported by an unrestricted research grant from Pfizer Israel.

Abstract

Objectives Patients with Gaucher disease (GD) are at increased risk of bleeding and have varying degrees of thrombocytopenia, making the analysis of platelet function difficult. This study aimed to provide a clinically relevant quantitative assessment of platelet function and determine its relationship with bleeding and GD-related data.

Methods Unstimulated and stimulated platelet function was measured by whole blood flow cytometry of platelet surface-activated αIIbβ3 integrin (detected with monoclonal antibody PAC1), P-selectin (CD62P), and lysosomal-associated membrane protein (LAMP3/CD63) in 149 GD patients.

Results GD patients had a higher level of unstimulated CD63 expression than healthy subjects, which was mildly correlated with glucosylsphingosine (lyso-Gb1) levels (r = 0.17, p-value = 0.042). Splenectomized GD patients had a higher level of unstimulated αIIbβ3 integrin and P-selectin expression. Reduced platelet reactivity (−2 standard deviation of reference range) was found in 79 (53%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 44–61%) patients, of whom 10 (6.7%, 95% CI: 3.3–12%) had more severe platelet dysfunction. In a multivariate model, only lyso-Gb1 levels were associated with the more severe platelet dysfunction. Fifty-four (49%) of 128 adult patients who completed the bleeding tendency questionnaire reported positive bleeding history. In a multivariate logistic model, older age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01–1.1) and low P-selectin reactivity (OR: 2.03, 95% CI: 1.25–3.35) were associated with more than one bleeding manifestation.

Conclusion Flow cytometry enables the study of platelet function in thrombocytopenic GD patients. A platelet degranulation defect, but not αIIbβ3 integrin activation defect, is associated with clinical bleeding. In vivo increased CD63 expression may be related to GD-related inflammation.

Author Contributions

S.R.-L. designed research, analyzed data, and wrote the paper. M.N., R.F., and E.B. performed the flow cytometry platelet function test and wrote the paper. D.F., M.R.F., T.D., M.I., and M.B.-C. performed the research. A.D.M. and A.L.F.III contributed to study methodology and wrote the paper. A.Z. supervised the study and wrote the paper.




Publication History

Received: 10 June 2021

Accepted: 09 September 2021

Accepted Manuscript online:
10 September 2021

Article published online:
05 November 2021

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany