Horm Metab Res 2021; 53(05): 311-318
DOI: 10.1055/a-1409-5310
Endocrine Care

Genetic Variability of the Paired Box Transcription Factor; PAX8 Gene: Guidance Towards Treatment Strategies in a Cohort of Congenital Hypothyroidism

Sohier S. Abou El-Ella
1  Genetic and Endocrinology Unit, Pediatric Department, Menoufia University, Shebin ElKoum, Menofia, Egypt
,
Essam Shawky A.E.H. Khattab
2  Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
,
Rehab K. Beddah
1  Genetic and Endocrinology Unit, Pediatric Department, Menoufia University, Shebin ElKoum, Menofia, Egypt
,
1  Genetic and Endocrinology Unit, Pediatric Department, Menoufia University, Shebin ElKoum, Menofia, Egypt
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The contribution of PAX8 genetic variants to congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is not well understood. We aimed to study the genetic variability of exons 3 and 5 of PAX8 gene among a cohort of children with congenital hypothyroidism in correspondence to their clinical aspect. Blood samples were collected from 117 children (63 girls and 54 boys) with CH and enrolled as cases (Group I). All cases underwent biochemical confirmation with low FT4 and high TSH levels and thyroid gland imaging, along with equal number of matched apparently healthy individuals who served as controls (Group II). Genomic materials for exons 3 and 5 of PAX8 gene were extracted, amplified by PCR, detected by electrophoresis, purified, and sequenced by the Sanger technique through the application of ABI 3730x1 DNA Sequencer. Out of 117 cases, eight different effective PAX8 mutations were detected in exon 3 (G23D, V35I, I34T, Q40P, p.R31C, p.R31H, p.R31A, and p.I47T) in 14 patients with their sonographic findings ranged from normal, hypoplastic to thyroid agenesis. Besides the reported mutations, one novel mutation; R31A was detected in 1 euotopic case. Exon 5 analysis revealed no detected mutations elsewhere. In contrast, all healthy control children showed no mutation and normal sonographic findings. Mutations in exon 3 of PAX8 gene, implies its important role in thyroid development and function, as a first estimate of PA8 mutation rate in Egyptian patients with CH having normal and dysgenetic gland. Using ultrasound is mandatory for diagnosis and guiding the treatment of children with CH.



Publication History

Received: 17 June 2020

Accepted after revision: 22 February 2021

Publication Date:
16 April 2021 (online)

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