Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2021; 81(03): 279-303
DOI: 10.1055/a-1330-7466
GebFra Science

Obesity and Pregnancy. Guideline of the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (S3-Level, AWMF Registry No. 015-081, June 2019)

Article in several languages: English | deutsch
Ute Schaefer-Graf
1   Klinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, St. Joseph Krankenhaus, Berlin, Germany
Regina Ensenauer
2   Institut für Kinderernährung, Max-Rubner-Institut, Karlsruhe, Germany
Ulrich Gembruch
3   Klinik für Geburtshilfe und Pränatale Medizin, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Bonn, Germany
Tanja Groten
4   Klinik für Geburtsmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Jena, Germany
Maria Flothkötter
5   Netzwerk Gesund ins Leben, Bundesministerium Ernährung und Landwirtschaft, Bonn, Germany
Julia Hennicke
6   Studiengang Hebammenwissenschaften, Evangelische Hochschule, Berlin, Germany
Josef Köhrle
7   Klinik für Endokrinologie, Charité, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany
Jantke Möhler
8   Hebammenpraxis Jantje Möhler, Bonn, Germany
Maritta Kühnert
9   Klinik für Geburtsmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Annett Schmittendorf
10   Hebammenpraxis Annett Schmittendorf, Oldenburg, Germany
Christine Stroh
11   Klinik für Adipositas und Metabolische Chirurgie, Wald-Klinikum Gera, Gera, Germany
Alfred Wirth
12   Klinik Teutoburger Wald, Bad Rothenfelde, Bad Rothenfelde, Germany
Markus Schmidt
13   Klinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Sana-Klinikum, Duisburg, Germany
› Author Affiliations


Aims Obesity is an increasing problem, even in young women of reproductive age. Obesity has a negative impact on conception, the course of pregnancy, and neonatal outcomes. Caring for obese pregnant women is becoming an increasingly important aspect of standard prenatal care. This guideline aims to improve the care offered to obese pregnant women.

Methods This S3-guideline was compiled following a systemic search for evidence and a structured process to achieve consensus.

Recommendations Evidence-based recommendations for the care of obese pregnant women were developed, which cover such as areas as preconception counselling, identification of risks, special aspects of prenatal care and prenatal diagnostic procedures, intrapartum management, and long-term effects on mother and child.

Publication History

Received: 10 November 2020

Accepted: 02 December 2020

Article published online:
05 March 2021

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  • References/Literatur

  • The literature is listed in the long version of the guideline./Die Literatur kann in der Langversion eingesehen werden.