Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2021; 225(03): 262-266
DOI: 10.1055/a-1253-8727
Original Article

The Effect of Anesthesia Type During Delivery on Neonatal Otoacoustic Emission Hearing Test Results: A Tertiary Center Experience

1  Division of Perinatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turkish Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital
,
Mehmet Karslı
2  Obstetrics and gynecology, Istanbul Universitesi-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey
,
Emre Canpolat
3  Neonatology, Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
,
Yüksel Oğuz
4  Obstetrics and gynecology, Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
,
Orhan Altınboğa
1  Division of Perinatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turkish Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital
,
Sevki Celen
5  Obstetrics and gynecology, Etlik İhtisas Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Ankara, Turkey
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Background Hearing is essential for the healthy development of an infant as language is one of the main stimulants of intellectual capacity. We investigate the effect of anesthesia type during delivery on neonatal otoacoustic emission (OAE) hearing test results.

Methods This retrospective cross-sectional study includes 1,493 healthy, full-term (39/0–40/6 gestational weeks) newborns of healthy women and who were delivered by cesarean section. Newborns were divided into 2 groups based on their anesthesia type during delivery: 1) general anesthesia group (n=160), and 2) spinal anesthesia group (n=1333). Maternal age, anesthesia type, birth weight, gestational age at birth, neonatal gender, 1st–5th minute APGAR scores, and OAE results were compared between the groups.

Results 1287 (86.2%) newborns were reported to have passed the first step of OAE; 206 (13.8%) newborns were reported to have failed the first step and passed the second test. In the general anesthesia group, 133 (83.1%) of the newborns passed the first OAE test and 27 (16.9%) newborns had false-positive results. In the spinal anesthesia group, 1,154 (86.6%) of the newborns passed the first OAE test and 179 (13.4%) newborns had false-positive results. The difference between the 2 groups by false-positive values was found to be statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusions Type of delivery anesthesia may have an effect on the false-positive rates of OAE test results.



Publication History

Received: 10 June 2020

Accepted after revision: 21 August 2020

Publication Date:
29 September 2020 (online)

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