Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1198-8525
Training & Testing

Ergogenic Effects of Bihemispheric Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Fitness: a Randomized Cross-over Trial

1  Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
2  Department of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS MultiMedica, Milan, Italy
,
Rosario Alongi
1  Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
,
Luca Filipas
1  Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
2  Department of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS MultiMedica, Milan, Italy
,
Livio Luzi
1  Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
2  Department of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS MultiMedica, Milan, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Funding Information This work was supported by Italian Ministry of Health Ricerca Corrente – IRCCS MultiMedica

Abstract

Several types of routines and methods have been experimented to gain neuromuscular advantages, in terms of exercise performance, in athletes and fitness enthusiasts. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of biemispheric transcranial direct current stimulation on physical fitness indicators of healthy, physically active, men. In a randomized, single-blinded, crossover fashion, seventeen subjects (age: 30.9 ± 6.5 years, BMI: 24.8±3.1 kg/m2) underwent either stimulation or sham, prior to: vertical jump, sit & reach, and endurance running tests. Mixed repeated measures anova revealed a large main effect of stimulation for any of the three physical fitness measures. Stimulation determined increases of lower limb power (+ 5%), sit & reach amplitude (+ 9%) and endurance running capacity (+ 12%) with respect to sham condition (0.16<ηp2 < 0.41; p<0.05). Ratings-of-perceived-exertion, recorded at the end of each test session, did not change across all performances. However, in the stimulated-endurance protocol, an average lower rate-of-perceived-exertion at iso-time was inferred. A portable transcranial direct current stimulation headset could be a valuable ergogenic resource for individuals seeking to improve physical fitness in daily life or in athletic training.



Publication History

Received: 00 00 2020

Accepted: 03 June 2020

Publication Date:
11 August 2020 (online)

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Stuttgart · New York