Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1192-5845
Behavioural Sciences

Sleep of Wheelchair Rugby Athletes: Training, Rest and Competition

Victor Sanz-Milone
1  Faculdade de Educação Física, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
,
Fernanda V. Narciso
2  Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
,
Andressa da Silva
2  Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
,
Milton Misuta
3  Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Limeira, Brazil
,
Marco Túlio de Mello
2  Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
,
Andrea Maculano Esteves
3  Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Limeira, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Funding: This work was supported by funds derived the Laboratório de Sono e Exercício Físico (LASEF), the Centro de Estudos em Psicobiologia e Exercício (CEPE); the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) CNPq and Fundo de Apoio ao Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão – FAEPEX.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the sleep-wake cycle of wheelchair rugby athletes during the pre-season compared to in-season. Wheelchair Rugby athletes wore an actigraph monitor during two respective 10-day periods: 1) pre-season and 2) in-season, each of which comprised three training days, three rest days, and four competition days, respectively. In addition, the players completed questionnaires regarding sleepiness, subjective quality of sleep, and chronotype, as well as the use of the sleep diary along with the actigraph measurements (20 days). The wheelchair rugby athletes had poor subjective sleep quality in both stages observed by sleep efficiency below 85% (ES 0.31) and high score in the Pittsburgh questionnaire (effect size-ES 0.55), the actigraphy results presented an increase of sleep latency (ES 0.47), and wake after sleep onset (ES 0.42). When comparing the athlete’s routine, the competition days, demonstrated a reduction in the total time of sleep and the sleep efficiency, in addition to an increase in wakefulness after sleep onset when compared with the training and rest periods. As a result, the wheelchair rugby players did not describe a pattern of sleep-wake cycle during different training phases, as well as poor sleep quality.



Publication History

Received: 19 August 2019

Accepted: 18 May 2020

Publication Date:
18 September 2020 (online)

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