Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1192-5205
Training & Testing

Effects of Three Resistance Exercise Orders on Muscular Function and Body Composition in Older Women

Márcia M. Dib
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Crisieli M. Tomeleri
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
João Pedro Nunes
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Paolo M. Cunha
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Alex S. Ribeiro
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
2  Center for Research in Health Sciences, University of Northern Parana, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Durcelina Schiavoni
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Edilaine F. Cavalcante
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Gabriel Kunevaliki
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Denilson C. Teixeira
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Arli R. de Oliveira
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
,
Ezequiel M. Gonçalves
3  Department of Pediatrics, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
,
Luís A. Gobbo
4  School of Science and Technology, São Paulo State University, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
,
Analiza M. Silva
5  Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
,
Luís B. Sardinha
5  Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
,
Edilson S. Cyrino
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Funding: This study was partially supported by the Ministry of Education (MEC/Brazil) and CNPq/Brazil (process number: 309455/2013-8).

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of three resistance exercise orders on muscular strength, body composition, and functional fitness in trained older women. Forty-five women (aged ≥60 years), after performing 12 weeks of a pre-conditioning resistance-training program were randomly assigned in one of the following groups that performed the exercises in the following orders: multi-joint to single-joint order (MJ-SJ, n=15), single-joint to multi-joint order (SJ-MJ, n=15), and alternating between upper and lower body order (ALT, n=15). Specific training intervention lasted 12 weeks (3x/week) and was composed of eight exercises performed in three sets of 15/10/5 repetitions, with increasing load through the sets. Muscular strength was estimated by one-repetition maximum tests; body composition was assessed by whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and functional fitness was analyzed with a sequence of four motor tests. All groups improved similarly in muscular strength (Cohen’s effect size: MJ-SJ=0.45; SJ-MJ=0.48; ALT=0.45), skeletal muscle mass (MJ-SJ=0.08; SJ-MJ=0.07; ALT=0.09), and functional test performance (MJ-SJ=0.38; SJ-MJ=0.20; ALT=0.31), but no change was observed for body fat (P>0.05). The results suggest that 12 weeks of resistance training induce positive changes in muscle morphofunctionality, regardless of the exercise order employed in trained older women.



Publication History

Received: 00 00 2020

Accepted: 21 May 2020

Publication Date:
20 July 2020 (online)

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG
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