Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1186-1316
Training & Testing

Minimal Stabilization Time for Ultra-short Heart Rate Variability Measurements in Professional Soccer

Francisco Forner-Llacer
1  Escuela de Doctorado, Valencia Catholic University Saint Vincent Martyr Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Valencia, Spain
Rodrigo Aranda-Malaves
1  Escuela de Doctorado, Valencia Catholic University Saint Vincent Martyr Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Valencia, Spain
2  Physical Education Department, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
3  Department d’Educació Física i Esportiva-Facultat de Ciències de l’Activitat Física i l’Esport, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Julio Calleja-Gonzalez
4  Laboratory of Analysis of Sport Performance, Sport and Physical Education Department, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain
Jose Antonio Perez-Turpin
5  Department of General Didactics and Specific Didactics-Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, Alacant, Spain
Joaquin Gonzalez-Rodenas
6  Department of Recreation and Sport Pedagogy, Ohio University, Athens, United States
› Author Affiliations
Funding: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of a Spanish government subproject Mixed method approach on performance analysis (in training and competition) in elite and academy sport [PGC2018-098742-B-C33] (Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades, Programa Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento y Fortalecimiento Científico y Tecnológico del Sistema I+D+i), that is part of the coordinated project New approach of research in physical activity and sport from mixed methods perspective (NARPAS_MM) [SPGC201800X098742CV0].


The main aims of this study were: 1) to compare 1-minute RMSSD measurements using different stabilization times between them and also with the criterion; and 2) to determine the agreement between every 1-minute RMSSD measurement with the criterion in professional soccer players. Seven hundred eighteen HRV measurements from professional soccer players were taken. HRV was calculated from 5 to 10 minutes (criterion) and from 1-minute windows with different pre-stabilization times. Friedman and post-hoc tests were applied to compare 1-minute and criterion measurements. Effect size was considered to describe magnitude of change. To determine agreement, Spearman’s correlation was applied, and Bland–Altman analysis was also done between each ultra-short HRV time window and the 5-minute HRV criterion period. The 1-minute HRV without any pre-stabilization time was the only one different from all the other 1-minute measurements that included 1 or more minutes of pre-stabilization (p<0.001). One-minute HRV measurements with 1 or more minutes of pre-stabilisation were highly correlated with those for the criterion period. One-minute HRV without pre-stabilization showed the lowest correlation and the highest bias from the criterion. It is concluded that 1-minute HRV measurements with a prior 1-minute or longer pre-stabilization time are valid to measure HRV in professional male soccer players.

Publication History

Received: 00 00 2020

Accepted: 12 May 2020

Publication Date:
22 July 2020 (online)

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG
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