Hemostatic Adaptations to High Intensity Interval Training in Healthy Adult Men
Regular exercise is theorized to reduce cardiovascular risk by attenuating coagulation and augmenting fibrinolysis. However, these adaptations have not been consistently observed during traditional exercise programs. The purpose of this study was to examine hemostatic adaptations in healthy men following four (4W) and eight (8W) weeks of high intensity interval training. Twenty-one men (age=25±1 y; body mass index=26.5±6.4 kg/m2) completed eight weeks, three days/week of high intensity interval training on a cycle ergometer. Activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, and plasma concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin III, fibrinogen, tissue plasminogen activator, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were assessed at baseline (BL), 4W, and 8W. Repeated measures ANOVA were used to determine potential effects of training. There were no significant changes observed for activated partial thromboplastin time (BL=43.3±5.5, 4W=43.2±5.1, 8W=44.2±6.4 s); prothrombin time (BL=13.2±0.9, 4W=13.0±0.6, 8W=13.1±0.8 s); thrombin-antithrombin III (BL=6.0±2.3, 4W=5.8±2.3, 8W=5.6±3.1 ng/mL); tissue plasminogen activator (BL=9.7±3.3, 4W=9.4±3.2, 8W=8.7±2.8 ng/mL); and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (BL=19.0±17.5, 4W=19.3±17.0, 8W=18.9±18.9 ng/mL) (all p>0.05). Fibrinogen was significantly lower at 4W (238.6±70.3 mg/dL) compared to BL (285.0±82.1 mg/dL; p<0.05) and 8W (285.3±83.2 mg/dL; p<0.05). These findings indicate that eight weeks of high intensity interval training does not influence coagulation potential and/or stimulate fibrinolysis.
Received: 17 December 2019
Accepted: 13 April 2020
07 July 2020 (online)
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