Int J Sports Med 2020; 41(14): 1039-1046
DOI: 10.1055/a-1119-7902
Training & Testing

High-impact Routines to Ameliorate Trunk and Lower Limbs Flexibility in Women

Massimo De Nardi
1   Cryotherapy Lab, Krioplanet Ltd, Treviglio (BG), Italy
2   Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Genoa, Genova, Italy
Carlo Facheris
1   Cryotherapy Lab, Krioplanet Ltd, Treviglio (BG), Italy
3   Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
Piero Ruggeri
2   Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Genoa, Genova, Italy
Antonio La Torre
3   Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
4   Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Milano, IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopaedic Institute, Italy
Roberto Codella
3   Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
5   IRCCS Multimedica
› Author Affiliations
Funding This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


Several types of routines and methods have been experimented to gain neuro/muscular advantages, in terms of overall range of motion, in athletes and fitness enthusiasts. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of different routines on trunk- and lower limbs flexibility in a sample of young women. In a randomized-crossover fashion, eleven subjects underwent to: hamstrings stretching [S]; hamstrings stretching plus whole-body vibration [S+WBV]; partial-body cryotherapy [Cryo]; rest [Control]. Standing hamstrings stretch performance and sit-and-reach amplitude resulted to be improved with [S+WBV] compared to all other protocols (p<0.05). [Cryo] ameliorated the active knee extension performance with respect to all other interventions (p<0.05). These flexibility improvements were obtained without a loss in the trunk position sense proprioception. These results represent the first evidence that a single session of either vibration or cryotherapy can ameliorate flexibility without losing the trunk position sense proprioception in young women.

Publication History

Received: 00 00 2020

Accepted: 10 February 2020

Article published online:
15 July 2020

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

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