Nervenheilkunde 2020; 39(05): 328-337
DOI: 10.1055/a-1094-9512
Geist & Gehirn
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Müttersprache – Zu den Auswirkungen eines Sprachkurses für Mütter auf deren Babys

Manfred Spitzer
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
05 May 2020 (online)

Der Umlaut beim ersten Vokal des Titels ist gewollt, denn es geht im Folgenden nicht um die von einem Menschen in der frühen Kindheit ohne jeglichen Unterricht erlernte Sprache, sondern um die Sprache von Müttern und Vätern, wenn sie mit ihren kleinen Kindern sprechen. Im Englischen spricht man auch von „child directed speech“, „motherese“ und – sachlich nicht ganz korrekt, politisch dafür aber umso mehr –„parentese“. Zwar sprechen auch Väter mit ihren Kindern etwas anders, machen aber zwischen Erwachsenen und Kindern deutlich seltener einen Unterschied als Mütter. Und wenn überhaupt, dann ändern sie im Vergleich zu Müttern, ihre Art zu sprechen nur wenig. „Fatherese“ gab es daher in der psychologischen Literatur nie.[ 1 ]

  • Literatur

  • 1 Bahrick LE, McNew ME, Pruden SM. et al Intersensory redundancy promotes infant detection of prosody in infant-directed speech. J Exp Child Psychol 2019; 183: 295-309
  • 2 Beals D, Tabors P. Arboretum bureaucratic and carbohydrates: Preschoolers’ exposure to rare vocabulary at home. First Lang 1995; 15 43 Pt 1 57-76
  • 3 Bergelson E, Casillas M, Soderstrom M. et al What Do North American Babies Hear? A large-scale cross-corpus analysis. Dev Sci 2019; 22: e12724 doi: 10.1111/desc.12724
  • 4 Bregman AS. Auditory scene analysis: The perceptual organization of sound. Cambridge: MIT Press; 1990
  • 5 Burnham D, Kitamura C, Vollmer-Conna U. What’s New, Pussycat? On Talking to Babies and Animals. Science 2002; 296: 1435
  • 6 Cabrera NJ, Shannon JD, Tamis-LeMonda C. Fathers’ influence on their children’s cognitive and emotional development: From toddlers to pre-K. Applied Development Science 2007; 11: 208-213
  • 7 Cabrera NJ, Fitzgerald HE, Bradley RH. et al The ecology of father-child relationships: An expanded model. Journal of Family Theory and Review 2014; 6: 336-354
  • 8 Ferguson B 1, Lew-Williams C. Communicative signals support abstract rule learning by 7-month-old infants. Sci Rep 2016; 6: 25434 doi: 10.1038/srep25434
  • 9 Ferjan Ramírez N, Lytle SR, Fish M. et al Parent coaching at 6 and 10 months improves language outcomes at 14 months: A randomized controlled trial. Dev Sci 2019; 22: e12762
  • 10 Ferjan Ramírez N, Roseberry Lytle S. et al Parent coaching increases conversational turns and advances infant language development. PNAS 2020; 117: 3484-3491 doi/10.1073/pnas.1921653117
  • 11 Fernald A. Four-month-old infants prefer to listen to motherese. Infant Behavior and Development 1985; 8: 181-195
  • 12 Fernald A. Intonation and communicative intent in mothers speech to infants: is the melody the message?. Child Development 1989; 60: 1497-1510
  • 13 Fernald A. Prosody in speech to children: prelinguistic and linguistic functions. Annals of Child Development 1991; 8: 43-80
  • 14 Fernald A. Approval and disapproval: infant responsiveness to vocal affect in familiar and unfamiliar languages. Child Development 1993; 64: 657-674
  • 15 Golinkoff RM, Hoff E, Rowe ML. et al Language matters: Denying the existence of the 30-million-word gap has serious consequences. Child Dev 2019; 90: 985-992
  • 16 Hart B, Risley TR. Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young american children. Baltimore, MD: PH Brookes; 1995
  • 17 Kornilov SA, Zhukova MA, Ovchinnikova IV. et al Language Outcomes in Adults with a History of Institutionalization: Behavioral and Neurophysiological Characterization. Sci Rep 1991; 9: 4252 doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-40007-9
  • 18 Kuhl PK, Andruski JE, Chistovich IA. et al Cross-Language Analysis of Phonetic Units in Language Addressed to Infants. Science 1997; 277: 684-686
  • 19 Kuhl PK, Ramírez RR, Bosseler A. et al Infants’ brain responses to speech suggest analysis by synthesis. PNAS 2014; 111: 11238-11245
  • 20 Laing CE, Bergelson E. Mothers’ Work Status and 17-month-olds’ Productive Vocabulary. Infancy 2019; 24: 101-109
  • 21 Leaper C, Anderson KJ, Sanders P. Moderators of gender effects on parents’ talk to their children: A meta-analysis. Dev Psychol 1998; 34: 3-27
  • 22 Leech KA, Salo VC, Rowe ML. et al Father input and child vocabulary development: the importance of Wh questions and clarification requests. Semin Speech Lang 2013; 34: 249-259
  • 23 Liu H-M, Kuhl PK, Tsao F-M. An association between mothers’ speech clarity and infants’ speech discrimination skills. Developmental Science 2003; 6: F1-F10
  • 24 Lordier L, Meskaldji DE, Grouiller F. et al Music in premature infants enhances high-level cognitive brain networks. PNAS 2019; 116: 12103-12108
  • 25 Ma W, Golinkoff RM, Houston D. et al Word Learning in Infant- and Adult-Directed Speech. Lang Learn Dev 2011; 7: 185-201
  • 26 Marcus GF, Vijayan S, Rao SB. et al Rule Learning by Seven-Month-Old Infants. Science 1999; 283: 77-80
  • 27 Merz EC, Maskus EA, Melvin SA. et al Socioeconomic Disparities in Language Input Are Associated With Children’s Language-Related Brain Structure and Reading Skills. Child Dev 2019 Mar 28. doi: 10.1111/cdev.13239
  • 28 Morningstar M, Garcia D, Dirks MA. et al Changes in parental prosody mediate effect of parent-training intervention on infant language production. J Consult Clin Psychol 2019; 87: 313-318
  • 29 Owens RE. Language Development. 9. Auflage. Boston: Pearson; 2016
  • 30 Pace A, Alper R, Burchinal MR. et al Measuring success: Within and cross-domain predictors of academic and social trajectories in elementary school. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 2019; 46: 112-125
  • 31 Ramírez-Esparza N, García-Sierra A, Kuhl PK. Look who’s talking: speech style and social context in language input to infants are linked to concurrent and future speech development. Dev Sci 2014; 17: 880-891
  • 32 Ramírez-Esparza N, García-Sierra A, Kuhl PK. Look Who’s Talking NOW! Parentese Speech, Social Context, and Language Development Across Time. Front Psychol 2017; 8: 1008 doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01008
  • 33 Reilly JS, Bellugi U. Competition on the face: Affect and language in ASL motherese. J Child Lang 1996; 23: 219-239
  • 34 Romeo RR, Leonard JA, Robinson ST. et al Beyond the 30-Million-Word Gap: Children’s Conversational Exposure Is Associated With Language-Related Brain Function. Psychol Sci 2018; 29: 700-710
  • 35 Rowe ML, Coker D, Pan BA. A comparison of fathers’ and mothers’ talk to toddlers in low-income families. Soc Dev 2004; 13 (02) 278-291
  • 36 Rowe ML. A longitudinal investigation of the role of quantity and quality of child-directed speech in vocabulary development. Child Dev 2012; 83: 1762-1774
  • 37 Rowe ML, Leech KA, Cabrera N. Going Beyond Input Quantity: Wh-Questions Matter for Toddlers’ Language and Cognitive Development. Cogn Sci 2017; 41 (Suppl. 01) 162-179
  • 38 Schneider B, Trehub SE. Behavioural assessment of basic auditory abilities. In Schneider B, Trehub SE. Hrsg Auditory development in infancy. New York: Plenum Press; 1985: 101-114
  • 39 Schwab JF, Lew-Williams C. Language learning, socioeconomic status, and child-directed speech. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci 2016; 7: 264-275
  • 40 Schwab JF, Rowe ML, Cabrera N. et al Fathers’ repetition of words is coupled with children’s vocabularies. J Exp Child Psychol 2018; 166: 437-450
  • 41 Spitzer M. Musik im Kopf, 2. Auflage. Stuttgart: Schattauer; 2014
  • 42 Spitzer M. Am Anfang war das Wort. Nervenheilkunde 2015; 34: 466-468
  • 43 Tomasello M, Conti-Ramsden G, Ewert B. Young children’s conversations with their mothers and fathers: Differences in breakdown and repair. J Child Lang 1990; 17: 115-130
  • 44 Van Dam M, De Palma P, Strong WE. Fathers’ use of fundamental frequency in motherese. Poster presented at the 169th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Pittsburgh 2015
  • 45 Weber A, Fernald A, Diop Y. When Cultural Norms Discourage Talking to Babies: Effectiveness of a Parenting Program in Rural Senegal. Child Dev 2017; 88: 1513-1526
  • 46 Werner LA, Leibold LJ. Auditory development in children with normal hearning. In Tharpe A. Hrsg Comprehensive Handbook of Pediatric Audiology, 2. Auflage. San Diego: Plural Publishing; 2016