A technical review of artificial intelligence as applied to gastrointestinal endoscopy: clarifying the terminology
submitted 11 June 2019
accepted after revision 31 July 2019
25 November 2019 (online)
Background and aim The growing number of publications on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine underlines the enormous importance and potential of this emerging field of research.
In gastrointestinal endoscopy, AI has been applied to all segments of the gastrointestinal tract most importantly in the detection and characterization of colorectal polyps. However, AI research has been published also in the stomach and esophagus for both neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders.
The various technical as well as medical aspects of AI, however, remain confusing especially for non-expert physicians.
This physician-engineer co-authored review explains the basic technical aspects of AI and provides a comprehensive overview of recent publications on AI in gastrointestinal endoscopy. Finally, a basic insight is offered into understanding publications on AI in gastrointestinal endoscopy.
* Drs. Ebigo and Palm: These authors contributed equally.
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