Removing a metal stent using a string following endoscopic ultrasound-guided antegrade placement for pancreaticojejunostomy stricture
21 August 2019 (online)
Temporary stent placement is effective for symptomatic pancreaticojejunostomy stricture (PJS). An endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided approach is a useful salvage technique when balloon enteroscopy-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is unsuccessful    . However, plastic stents are sometimes not sufficient to improve the stricture. Although covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMS) may be useful for severe strictures, their removal after EUS-guided antegrade placement is challenging. Here, we report a successful case of removal of antegrade-placed CSEMS using a string via EUS-guided pancreaticogastrostomy.
A man in his 70 s developed acute recurrent pancreatitis due to PJS. As balloon enteroscopy-assisted ERCP failed, EUS-guided antegrade placement of a CSEMS with string (BONASTENT M-Intraductal; Standard Sci Tech Inc., Seoul, Korea)  across the PJS, and plastic stent placement from the pancreatic duct to the stomach, were performed; the string was released into the stomach across the fistula.
At endoscopy 3 months later, a side-viewing scope was inserted to remove the stents ([Fig. 1 a]). First, a guidewire was inserted into the pancreatic duct alongside the previously placed plastic stent and string. The stent was removed by grasping it with forceps through the scope, and the fistula was dilated using a dilation balloon. After removing the guidewire, the string was grasped with forceps and pulled toward the stomach ([Fig. 1 b]). Subsequently, the proximal edge of the CSEMS was seen in the stomach ([Fig. 1 c]). After reinsertion of the guidewire into the pancreatic duct across the CSEMS, the CSEMS was removed over the guidewire through the working channel by grasping it with a snare ([Fig. 1 d], [Video 1]). Finally, antegrade cleaning of the pancreatic duct using a retrieval balloon was performed, and complete resolution of the PJS was confirmed with pancreatogram. There were no adverse events, and no recurrence during follow-up.
Video 1 At 3 months after endoscopic ultrasound-guided antegrade stent placement, we removed the stents. A covered self-expandable metal stent, which was placed for the pancreaticojejunostomy stricture, was successfully removed using a long string, without any adverse events.
CSEMS with a string can be removed simply through EUS-guided pancreaticogastrostomy. Antegrade placement and removal of it can be useful option for the treatment of PJS.
Endoscopy E-Videos is a free access online section, reporting on interesting cases and new techniques in gastroenterological endoscopy. All papers include a high
quality video and all contributions are
freely accessible online.
This section has its own submission
- 1 Krafft MR, Nasr JY. Anterograde endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic duct drainage: a technical review. Dig Dis Sci 2019; DOI: 10.1007/s10320-019-05495-9.
- 2 Chen YI, Levy MJ, Moreels TG. et al. An international multicenter study comparing EUS-guided pancreatic duct drainage with enteroscopy-assisted endoscopic retrograde pancreatography after Whipple surgery. Gastrointest Endosc 2017; 85: 170-177
- 3 Matsunami Y, Itoi T, Sofuni A. et al. Evaluation of a new stent for EUS-guided pancreatic duct drainage: long-term follow-up outcome. Endosc Int Open 2018; 6: E505-E512
- 4 Nakai Y, Kogure H, Koike K. Double-guidewire technique for endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic duct drainage. Dig Endosc 2019; 31 (Suppl. 01) 65-66
- 5 Moon JH, Choi HJ, Koo HC. et al. Feasibility of placing a modified fully covered self-expandable metal stent above the papilla to minimize stent-induced bile duct injury in patients with refractory benign biliary strictures (with videos). Gastrointest Endosc 2012; 75: 1080-1085