Int J Sports Med 2019; 40(13): 831-841
DOI: 10.1055/a-0982-3311
Training & Testing
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effects of Two Modalities of Whole-body Electrostimulation Programs and Resistance Circuit Training on Strength and Power

Stefano DʼOttavio
1  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
2  Interdepartmental Centre of Science and Culture of Sport – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
3  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences, “San Raffaele” University – Rome, Italy
4  Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio, Rome – Italian Football Federation – Rome, Italy
6  Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, "Tor Vergata" University – Rome, Italy
,
Gianluca Briotti
1  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
2  Interdepartmental Centre of Science and Culture of Sport – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
3  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences, “San Raffaele” University – Rome, Italy
4  Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio, Rome – Italian Football Federation – Rome, Italy
,
Cristina Rosazza
9  Neuroradiology Dept.,Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico “Carlo Besta”, Milano, Italy
,
Filippo Partipilo
1  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
3  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences, “San Raffaele” University – Rome, Italy
,
Adriano Silvestri
8  Urban Fitness EMS Institute - Milan, Italy
,
Cosimo Calabrese
7  Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, "Tor Vergata" University – Rome, Italy
,
Andrea Bernardini
1  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
5  Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of engineering, "Tor Vergata" University – Rome, Italy
,
Paolo Roberto Gabrielli
1  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
,
Bruno Ruscello
1  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
2  Interdepartmental Centre of Science and Culture of Sport – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery – “Tor Vergata” University – Rome, Italy
3  School of Sports and Exercise Sciences, “San Raffaele” University – Rome, Italy
5  Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of engineering, "Tor Vergata" University – Rome, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History



accepted 15 July 2019

Publication Date:
18 September 2019 (online)

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to compare the effects on strength and muscle power of a training program based on two different modalities of whole-body electrostimulation (WB-EMS) with respect to a resistance-training program aimed at improving dynamic strength. Twenty-two subjects participated in this study: Thirteen male (age 25.2±2.8 years; height 1.78±0.1 m; body mass 72.8±6.4 kg; body fat 11.6±2.3%) and nine female (age 28.2±3.5 years; height 1.63±0.05 m; body mass 56.8±7.6 kg; body fat 19.1±4.7%). Participants were randomly assigned to three groups that underwent three different 6-week training programs: two modalities of WB-EMS, based on different electrical parameters (experimental), and circuit training with overloads (control). Force-velocity curves were calculated for each participant before and after treatment. All groups improved their level of strength and muscle power (paired sample t-Test, p<0.01; d>1) with a similar magnitude. No significant differences were observed between groups (two-way 2×3 Anova, p>0.05) at the end of the experimentation. This study suggests that WB-EMS might be considered as a valid and faster alternative – or an important complementary procedure – to a traditional overload-based resistance-training program for the development of the DS.