Sonographic Diagnosis of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy – Part I: Lesions of Deep Nuclear Structures – Basal Ganglia and ThalamusSonografische Diagnose der neonatalen hypoxämisch-ischämischen Encephalopathie – Teil I: Läsionen von Basalganglien und Thalamus
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most common causes of cerebral palsy and other severe neurological deficits in children. Neonatal HIE occurs in 1.5/1000 live births (Bano S et al., Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: A radiological review. J Pediatr Neurosci 2017; 12: 1–6). It is caused by inadequate blood flow and oxygen supply to the brain resulting in focal or diffuse brain injury. The pattern of brain injury depends on the severity and duration of hypoxia and degree of brain maturation. The cerebral lesions in full-term neonates (> 36 weeks of gestation) differ from those in preterm neonates (< 36 weeks of gestation). Neuroimaging modalities such as ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) help with the identification and characterization of the accurate location, extent, and severity of the brain injury.
Received: 25 June 2019
Accepted: 17 July 2019
02 September 2019 (online)
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