Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes
DOI: 10.1055/a-0978-4972
Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Safety and Efficacy of Placenta-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Treatment for Diabetic Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia: A Pilot Study

Jiao Wang*
1  Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, P.R. China
,
Xiang-Xia Zeng*
1  Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, P.R. China
,
Wei Cai
2  Department of Medical Genetics and Cell biology, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang, P.R. China
,
Zhi-Bo Han
3  The Stem Cell Engineering Research Center of Jiangxi Province, Shangrao, P.R. China
,
Ling-Yan Zhu
1  Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, P.R. China
,
Jian-Ying Liu
1  Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, P.R. China
,
Ji-Xiong Xu
1  Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, P.R. China
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 23 May 2019
revised 23 May 2019

accepted 17 July 2019

Publication Date:
14 August 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

Aim Diabetic foot has become the main cause of non-traumatic amputation. Stem cell therapy, especially mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), holds a great promise as a therapy for diabetic foot with ischemia limb arterial disease. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of placenta-derived MSCs (P-MSCs) treatment for diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).

Methods Four eligible diabetic patients with CLI were consecutively enrolled in this pilot study. On the base of the standard-of-care treatment, these patients accepted P-MSCs treatment by intramuscular injection for successive 3 times at an interval of 4 weeks, and the safety and efficacy of placenta-derived MSCs (P-MSCs) treatment were evaluated.

Results There were no serious adverse events during the period of P-MSCs injection and the 24-weeks follow-up period. The clinical ischemic features of patients were improved 24 weeks after P-MSCs treatment. The scores of resting pain and limb coldness significantly decreased, and pain-free walking distance significantly increased from baseline to 24 weeks after P-MSCs therapy. The resting ankle brachial index increased, but no statistically significant difference was found. The findings of magnetic resonance angiography showed the increase of collateral vessel formation in one patient, but there were no significant changes observed in the other patients.

Conclusions The data in this pilot study indicated that multiple intramuscular P-MSCs injections may be a safe and effective alternative therapy for diabetic patients with CLI, and larger, placebo-controlled, perspective studies are needed to prove these results.

* Jiao Wang and Xiang-Xia Zeng contributed equally to this work.


Supplementary Material