Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel 2020; 15(01): 37-47
DOI: 10.1055/a-0891-9131
CME-Fortbildung
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Das polyzystische Ovarsyndrom: Aktuelle Evidenz und praktische Empfehlungen

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Evidence and Practical Guidelines
Susanne Reger-Tan
,
Christian Böing
,
Dagmar Führer-Sakel
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 February 2020 (online)

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of childbearing age. Due to hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation affected women may suffer from hirsutism, androgenetic alopecia, acne, menstrual disturbance and sub-/infertility. Furthermore underlying insulin resistance promotes hyperandrogenemia, overweight and risk for diabetes. Therefore, routine evaluation of glycemic status is recommended. Treatment strategies are based on therapeutic lifestyle changes and focus on patient-important complaints. First line pharmacologic treatment for infertility in women with PCOS is letrozole. Clomiphene and metformin can be used alternatively with lower success rates. Women seeking medical advice for hyperandrogenism can be offered oral contraceptive pills with the lowest effective estrogen dose without any preference of a certain gestagen. Risk for deep vein thrombosis should be taken into account when choosing estrogen dose and type of gestagen. Antiandrogen substances such as spironolactone should only be prescribed in combination with safe contraception due to their risk of fetal undervirilisation. Additionally, substance specific risks should be considered. Baseline treatment of overweight or metabolic issues includes behaviour modification, weight reduction and physical activity. Additional benefit can be reached by combination of lifestyle changes with metformin. Studies indicate a positive effect of inositol and antidiabetic substances like liraglutide and empagliflozin but should be regarded as experimental therapies.

Das polyzystische Ovarsyndrom (PCOS) umfasst ein weites Symptomspektrum – von Hirsutismus, Alopezie, Akne, Adipositas, Sub-/Infertilität und Insulinresistenz bis zum Diabetes mellitus mit wesentlich eingeschränkter Lebensqualität der Patientinnen [1]. Dieser Beitrag bietet eine kurze Übersicht zum Management des PCOS mit den Neuerungen zu Diagnostik und Therapie der aktuellen Leitlinie des International PCOS Network [2].