Horm Metab Res 2019; 51(05): 330-335
DOI: 10.1055/a-0876-6007
Endocrine Research
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Congenital Hypothyroidism is Associated With Impairment of the Leptin Signaling Pathway in the Hypothalamus in Male Wistar Animals in Adult Life

Veronica Aiceles
1  Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, Biomedical Centre, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
,
Flavia Meireles Gombar
1  Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, Biomedical Centre, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
,
Fernanda da Silveira Cavalcante
1  Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, Biomedical Centre, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
,
Cristiane da Fonte Ramos
1  Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, Biomedical Centre, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Publikationsverlauf

received 12. März 2018

accepted 12. März 2019

Publikationsdatum:
03. April 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

The goal of this study is to investigate whether congenital hypothyroidism induced by MMI during gestation (G) or gestation plus lactation (GL) would affect the leptin action upon body weight control on hypothalamus. Six to eight pups per group were killed at 90 days of age. For statistical analysis one-way ANOVA followed by the Holm–Sìdak post hoc test was used. Hypothyroidism resulted in a significant increase in leptin serum levels in G 20% and GL 25% (p<0.04). There was a significant expression decrease of OBR in G 45% and GL 63%; pSTAT3 in G 56% and GL 51%; pERK in G 50% and GL 48%; POMC in G 41% and GL 46% (p<0.04), while a significant increase was assigned to SOCS3 in G 52% and GL 170% (p<0.04) protein expression. We can conclude that hypothyroxinemia condition in rats on adulthood results in impairment of the leptin signaling pathway via ObRb-STAT3 in the hypothalamus, which is likely to be involved in the leptin resistance.