Horm Metab Res 2019; 51(01): 22-34
DOI: 10.1055/a-0806-8281
Review
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Relationships Between Biochemical Markers of Hyperandrogenism and Metabolic Parameters in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Mina Amiri
1  Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
,
Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
1  Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
,
Razieh Bidhendi-Yarandi
1  Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2  Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
,
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani
1  Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
,
Fereidoun Azizi
3  Endocrine Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
,
Enrico Carmina
4  Endocrinology Unit, Department of Health Sciences and Mother and Child Care, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received  19 August 2018

accepted 20 November 2018

Publication Date:
16 January 2019 (online)

Abstract

While several studies have documented an increased risk of metabolic disorders in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), associations between androgenic and metabolic parameters in these patients are unclear. We aimed to investigate the relationships between biochemical markers of hyperandrogenism (HA) and metabolic parameters in women with PCOS. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, a literature search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science from 2000 to 2018 for assessing androgenic and metabolic parameters in PCOS patients. To assess the relationships between androgenic and metabolic parameters, meta-regression analysis was used. A total number of 33 studies involving 9905 patients with PCOS were included in this analysis. The associations of total testosterone (tT) with metabolic parameters were not significant; after adjustment for age and BMI, we detected associations of this androgen with low-density lipoproteins cholesterol (LDL-C) (β=0.006; 95% CI: 0.002, 0.01), high-density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL-C) (β=–0.009; 95% CI: –0.02, –0.001), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (β=–0.01; 95% CI: –0.03, –0.00). We observed a positive significant association between free testosterone (fT) and fasting insulin (β=0.49; 95% CI: 0.05, 0.91); this association remained significant after adjustment for confounders. We also detected a reverse association between fT and HDL-C (β=–0.41; 95% CI: –0.70, –0.12). There was a positive significant association between A4 and TG (β=0.02; 95% CI: 0.00, 0.04) after adjustment for PCOS diagnosis criteria. We also found significant negative associations between A4, TC, and LDL-C. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) had a positive association with LDL-C (β=0.02; 95% CI: 0.001, 0.03) and a reverse significant association with HDL-C (β=–0.03; 95% CI: –0.06, –0.001). This meta-analysis confirmed the associations of some androgenic and metabolic parameters, indicating that measurement of these parameters may be useful for predicting metabolic risk in PCOS patients.

Supplementary Material