CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Sports Medicine International Open 2018; 02(02): E52-E61
DOI: 10.1055/a-0608-4229
Review
Eigentümer und Copyright ©Georg Thieme Verlag KG 2018

Current Soccer Footwear, Its Role in Injuries and Potential for Improvement

Sylvain Blanchard
Laboratoire de Biomécanique Appliquée, Aix-Marseille Univ, IFSTTAR, LBA UMR_T24, Marseille, France
,
Jérôme Palestri
Wizwedge SARL, Research Department, Marseille, France
,
Jean-Luc Guer
Wizwedge SARL, Research Department, Marseille, France
,
Michel BEHR
Laboratoire de Biomécanique Appliquée, Aix-Marseille Univ, IFSTTAR, LBA UMR_T24, Marseille, France
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 11 December 2017
revised 24 March 2018

accepted 30 March 2018

Publication Date:
25 May 2018 (online)

Abstract

Soccer is the most popular sport in the world and generates great financial revenue. It is also a sport whose practice has evolved considerably in terms of intensity and commitment, and in which the intrinsic risk of injury (not directly related to an interaction with the environment) is particularly high. In this context, the cleated shoe as a major component of soccer equipment may play a key role in the overexposure to injury. Soccer shoe evolution is all the more challenging, because design and mechanical structure differ in many points compared to other modern shoes developed for sports such as running, tennis and basketball.

This critical review aims to elucidate the characteristics of modern soccer footwear and their possible link to soccer-specific injuries, focusing on the following areas: (1) ergonomics, comfort and proprioception; (2) shoe mechanical characteristics; (3) field surfaces and shoe design.