Int J Sports Med 2018; 39(07): 527-534
DOI: 10.1055/a-0599-6555
Training & Testing
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effects of Different Resistance Training Frequencies on Fat in Overweight/Obese Older Women

Edilaine F. Cavalcante
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil
,
Alex S. Ribeiro
2  Center for Research in Health Sciences, University of Northern Paraná, Londrina, Brazil
,
Matheus A. do Nascimento
3  Paraná State University, Paranavaí campus, Paranavaí, Brazil
,
Analiza M. Silva
4  Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
,
Crisieli M. Tomeleri
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil
5  Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil
,
Hellen C.G. Nabuco
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil
6  Federal Institute of Science and Technology of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil
,
Fábio L. C. Pina
2  Center for Research in Health Sciences, University of Northern Paraná, Londrina, Brazil
,
Jerry L. Mayhew
7  Exercise Science Department, Truman State University, Kirksville, USA
,
Marzo E. Da Silva-Grigoletto
8  Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil
,
Danilo R. P. da Silva
8  Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil
,
Steven J. Fleck
9  Andrews Research & Education Foundation, Gulf Breeze, USA
,
Edilson S. Cyrino
1  Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History



accepted 06 March 2018

Publication Date:
18 May 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

Aim This study compared the effect of different resistance training (RT) frequencies on total, android, gynoid and trunk body fat in overweight/obese older women.

Methods Fifty-seven overweight/obese older women (66.9±5.3 years and 39.9±4.9% body fat) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a group performing RT twice a week (G2X), a group performing RT three times a week (G3X), or a non-exercise control group (CG). Both training groups performed the same 12-week RT program consisting of 8 exercises that trained all major muscle groups. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition.

Results After the intervention period, both G2X and G3X demonstrated significant (P<0.05) reductions in adiposity compared to the CG for total body fat (G2X=–1.7%, G3X=–2.7%, CG=+2.1%), android fat (G2X=–6.2%, G3X=–7.0%, CG=+8.6%), gynoid fat (G2X=–2.5%, G3X=–2.9%, CG=+1.0%), and trunk fat (G2X=–2.5%, G3X=–3.0%, CG=+2.9%), with no significant differences between training groups.

Conclusion These results demonstrate that a low-volume 12-week RT program performed two or three times per week causes decreases in total and regional fat deposition with the greatest reductions occurring in the android region.