CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2019; 54(05): 509-515
DOI: 10.1016/j.rboe.2018.02.012
Artigo Original | Original Article
Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia. Published by Thieme Revnter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Difference in Articular Degeneration Depending on the Type of Sport[*]

Article in several languages: português | English
1  Grupo de Trauma do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Irmandade de Misericórdia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
Jan Willem Cerf Sprey
1  Grupo de Trauma do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Irmandade de Misericórdia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
Guilherme Morgado Runco
1  Grupo de Trauma do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Irmandade de Misericórdia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
Marcos Vaz de Lima
1  Grupo de Trauma do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Irmandade de Misericórdia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
Nilson Roberto Severino
1  Grupo de Trauma do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Irmandade de Misericórdia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
Claudio Santili
1  Grupo de Trauma do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Irmandade de Misericórdia da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

31 October 2017

21 February 2018

Publication Date:
29 October 2019 (online)

Abstract

Objective To determine whether type-II collagen degradation is determined by the type of sport. Carboxy-terminal telepoptide of type-II collagen (CTX-II), a serum biomarker of collagen degradation, was measured in athletes who play different sports, and was compared with matched controls.

Methods The sample size consisted of 70 female participants aged between 18 and 25 years, 15 of whom were members of a soccer team, 10 of a futsal (a variant of association football played on a hard court) team, 10 of a handball team, 18 of a volleyball team, and 7 of a swimming team. A total of 9 age- and sex-matched individuals with sedentary lifestyles were included in the control group. 3-mL blood samples were collected from each participant, and they were analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results A comparison of the CTX-II concentrations of the players of different sports with those of the control group resulted in the following p-values: volleyball (p = 0.21); soccer (p = 0.91); handball (p = 0.13); futsal (p = 0.02); and swimming (p = 0.0015). Therefore, in the investigated population, futsal represented the highest risk for type-II collagen degradation and, consequently, for articular cartilage degradation, whereas swimming was a protective factor for the articular cartilage. No statistically significant difference was found in the body mass index among the groups.

ConclusionFutsal players are exposed to greater articular degradation, while swimmers exhibited less cartilage degradation compared with the control group in the study population, suggesting that strengthening the periarticular muscles and aerobic exercise in low-load environments has a positive effect on the articular cartilage.

* Published Originally by Elsevier Editora Ltda.