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Anatomy of the Scapula Applied to the Posterior Surgical Approach: Safety Parameters during Access to the Lateral Angle[*]Article in several languages: português | English
08 August 2017
21 December 2017
29 October 2019 (online)
Objective The objective of this paper was to identify safety parameters in the posterior surgical approach of the scapula through a cross-sectional cadaver study.
Methods Thirteen cadaver shoulders with no history of surgery or prior musculoskeletal dysfunction, with mean age, weight, and height of 70.1 years, 61.5 kg, and 1.64 m, respectively, were dissected. The anatomic landmark of the studied pathway (infraglenoid tubercle) and its distance to the axillary and suprascapular nerves were measured.
Results The mean distance between the infraglenoid tubercle (IT) and the axillary nerve (AN) was 23.8 mm, and the mean distance from the IT to the suprascapular nerve (SN) was 33.2 mm.
Conclusion The posterior approach may be considered safe through the interval between the infraspinatus and teres minor. However, caution should be taken during muscle spacing because of the short distance between the fracture site and the location of the SN and AN. These precautions help to avoid major postoperative complications.
* Study developed at the Group of Shoulder and Elbow, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Published Originally by Elsevier Editora Ltda.
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