Quality of life predictors in patients with epilepsy and cognitive disabilities
Received: 18 November 2013
Accepted: 29 June 2014
04 May 2018 (online)
Purpose We aimed to assess the QOL and its predictors in Bulgarian patients with refractory epilepsy (RE) and cognitive problems.
Methods We conducted a study based on questionnaires designed for people with intellectual disability (the stigma scale, the Glasgow Depression Scale, the Glasgow Anxiety Scale, the Glasgow Epilepsy Outcome Scale – GEOS-35) and a purposeful interview on clinical and social factors of 64 patients (50% men) with RE and cognitive problems.
Results The mean total score of the GEOS-35 was 76 ± 2.34 (an indicator of low QOL). On univariate analysis, the GEOS-35 total score was associated with seizure frequency and severity, stigma, depression, and anxiety. On multivariate regression analysis predictors of the GEOS-35 total score were anxiety, seizure severity, and stigma Р < 0.001 (F = 14.66). Regarding the GEOS-35 subscales, on multivariate regression analysis, we found that 1. Seizure severity, seizure type, and anxiety were predictors of “concerns about seizures” Р < 0.001 (F = 8.99); 2. Anxiety was the only predictor of “concerns about treatment” Р < 0.001 (F = 7.98); 3. Anxiety and seizure severity were predictors of “concerns about caring” Р < 0.001 (F = 12.12); and 4. Seizure severity and stigma were predictors of “concerns about social impact” Р < 0.001 (F = 18.31).
Conclusions We have affirmed the low QOL in patients with RE and cognitive problems and its clinical and social determinants. The results from our study prove the necessity of a multidisciplinary approach for quality of life improvement in these patients.
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