Subscribe to RSS
Is quantum entanglement in homeopathy a reality?
22 December 2017 (online)
The most controversial suggestion to emerge concerning the action of homeopathic medicines in recent years is that they act non-locally, through ‘quantum entanglement’. Quantum mechanics (QM) accurately predicts counterintuitive phenomena including quantum entanglement. Quantum entanglement occurs when subatomic particles are generated or interact in such a way that the quantum state of each particle cannot be described independently. Instead, the quantum state of the whole system must be considered.
The implication is that subatomic particles with a common origin remain ‘entangled’, so that anything done to one particle instantaneously influences the other entangled particles, even when they have travelled enormous distances from their common origin. This was famously described as ‘spooky action at a distance’, by Albert Einstein, who never fully accepted quantum theory. But such entanglement has been repeatedly experimentally demonstrated at a microscopic scale.
- 1 Atmanspacher H., Romer H., Walach H. et al. Weak quantum theory; complementarity and entanglement in physics and beyond. Found Phys 32 2002; 379-406.
- 2 Walach H. Entanglement model of homeopathy as an example of generalised entanglement predicted by Weak Quantum Theory. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 10 2003; 192-200.
- 3 Milgrom L.R. Toward a topological description of the therapeutic process: part 2. Practitioner and patient perspectives of the “Journey to Cure”. J Alt Comp Med 18 2012; 187-199.
- 4 Fisher P. Entangled, or tied in knots?. Homeopathy 93 2004; 1.
- 5 Beauvais F.A. A quantum-like model of homeopathy clinical trials: importance of in situ randomization and unblinding. Homeopathy 102 2013; 106-113.
- 6 Fisher P. Local, entangled or both?. Homeopathy 102 2013; 85-86.
- 7 Thieves K., Gleiss A., Kratky K.W., Frass M. First evidence of Beauvais’ hypothesis in a plant model. Homeopathy 105 2016; 270-279.
- 8 Milgrom L.R. The sound of two hands clapping: could homeopathy work locally and non-locally?. Homeopathy 94 2005; 100-104.
- 9 Bell I.R., Ives J.A., Jonas W.B. Nonlinear effects of nanoparticles: biological variability from hormetic doses, small particle sizes, and dynamic adaptive interactions. Dose Response 12 2014; 202-232.
- 10 Bell I.R., Schwartz G.E. Enhancement of adaptive biological effects by nanotechnology preparation methods in homeopathic medicines. Homeopathy 104 2015; 123-138.