Homeopathy 2004; 93(01): 17-20
DOI: 10.1016/j.homp.2003.11.007
Original Paper
Copyright ©The Faculty of Homeopathy 2003

Evaluation of a homeopathic complex in the clinical management of udder diseases of riverine buffaloes

JP Varshney
Ram Naresh
1  Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh State, India
› Author Affiliations

Subject Editor:
Further Information

Publication History

Received27 July 2003
revised23 October 2003

accepted05 November 2003

Publication Date:
12 December 2017 (online)


We report an uncontrolled observational study of the treatment of udder diseases of buffalo, using a homeopathic complex medicine. Mastitis is an economically important disease of buffaloes. In India economic losses due to mastitis are estimated at US$526 million annually. Conventional veterinary treatment relies on costly antibiotics; cure rate is only 60% in field conditions with a problem of milk residues. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of a homeopathic complex in the management of clinical udder health problems of riverine buffaloes. Cases of subclinical mastitis were excluded from the study. A total of 102 mastitic quarters (fibrosed—40, nonfibrosed—62) and five cases each of blood in milk and udder oedema in lactating buffaloes were treated with a homeopathic complex consisting of Phytolacca 200c, Calcarea fluorica 200c, Silicea 30c, Belladona 30c, Bryonia 30c, Arnica 30c, Conium 30c and Ipecacuanha 30c. The diagnosis of udder diseases and recovery criterion was based on physical examination of udder and milk and CMT/WST score. Bacteriological analysis and somatic cell count were not performed.

Treatment was 80 and 96.72% effective in cases of fibrotic mastitis and nonfibrosed mastitis respectively. Recovery period was 21–42 days (fibrosed) and 4–15 days (nonfibrosed). Udder oedema and blood in milk responded favourably in 2–5 days. Cost of treatment was US$ 0.07 per day. The homeopathic complex medicine may be effective and economical in the management of udder health problems of buffaloes. Definitive conclusions are premature due to the limited number of observations and lack of control group.

  • References

  • 1 Sharma SS, Kulkarni GB, Gangane GR, et al. Incidence of mastitis in buffaloes in Prabhani districts of Maharastra. Mastitis (Intas) 2001; 2: 35–38.
  • 2 Thirunavukarsu M, Prabaharan R. Factors determining mastitis losses—the results from a regression analysis. Cherion 2000; 29: 131–133.
  • 3 Dua K. Incidence, etiology and estimated economic losses due to mastitis in Punjab and India. An update. Indian Dairyman 2001; 53: 41–48.
  • 4 Hoeben DC, Burvenick C, Heyneman R. Influence of antimicrobial agent on bactericidal activity of bovine milk polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 1997; 56: 271–282.
  • 5 Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC, et al. Veterinary Medicine. A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Sheep, Pig, Goat and Horses. 10th edn. London: WB Saunders Company, Ltd, 2000, pp 271–282.
  • 6 Day C. Veterinary Homeopathy. In: Schoen AM and Wyn SG (eds) Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 1st edn. St Louis: Mosby, 1998, pp 405–513.
  • 7 Upadhya AK, Sharma SP. Management of bovine mastitis by homeopathy. Indian Vet Med J 1999; 23: 71–72.
  • 8 Reilly D. Is homeopathy a placebo response? Controlled trials of homeopathic potency with pollen in hay fever as model. Lancet 1986; 2: 881.
  • 9 Zee J. Behandlung von akuten spring-gelenksoicrotriomen: Doppelblind studiefzum wirksamteitsnachweis weis eines. Homoopathischen Slabenpraparats Fortschr Med 1998; 106: 96.
  • 10 Williamson AV, Mackie WL, Crawford WJ, et al. A trial of Sepia 200: prevention of anoestrous problems in dairy cows. Br Hom J 1995; 84: 14–20.
  • 11 Ram Naresh, Varshney JP, Mukharjee R. Management of udder affections with homeopathic drugs. Xth International Congress Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies, New Delhi, September 23–27, 2002, pp 101.
  • 12 Day C. Healthy dairy herd through homeopathy. Rearing husbandry and treatment. Gesunde-Rinderbestande-durch-Homeopathie-Aufzucht-Haltung-und-Behand-lung 2001, pp 175.
  • 13 Anderson R, Morcillo LL, Somner H. Treatment and prophylactic of subclinical mastitis with homeopathic drugs. Tierarztliche Umschau 1997; 52: 407–412.
  • 14 Willium B. Pocket Manual of Homeopathic Materia Medica. New Delhi: Indian Books and Periodicals, 2001.