Homeopathy 2003; 92(03): 152-160
DOI: 10.1016/S1475-4916(03)00038-9
Education and Debate
Copyright ©The Faculty of Homeopathy 2003

Patient–practitioner–remedy (PPR) entanglement. Part 3. Refining the quantum metaphor for homeopathy

L.R. Milgrom
1  Department of Chemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received13 January 2003
revised13 March 2003

accepted07 April 2003

Publication Date:
27 December 2017 (online)


The notion of patient–practitioner–remedy (PPR) entanglement, previously proposed for homeopathy, is refined by adapting concepts derived from Greenberger, Horne, and Zeilinger's treatment of three-particle entanglement (GHZ states), and a generalised version of quantum theory, called weak quantum theory (WQT). These suggest that for maximum PPR entanglement during the therapeutic encounter, the practitioner's awareness needs to be directed inward as well as outward toward the patient, and that health and disease are mirror images of each other, similar to and represented by, the relationship of complex numbers to their complex conjugates.

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