Zebrowski, Patricia M. et al.: 2022 Stuttering and Related Disorders of Fluency DOI: 10.1055/b-0042-189425
Section V Additional Treatment Considerations

14 Bilingual and Multicultural Considerations

More Information


Editors: Zebrowski, Patricia M.; Anderson, Julie D.; Conture, Edward G.

Authors: Ames, Angharad; Arnold, Hayley S.; Beal, Deryk; Beilby, Janet; Below, Jennifer E.; Byrd, Courtney; Choi, Dahye; Coleman, Craig; DiLollo, Anthony; Eggers, Kurt; Fortier-Blanc, Julie; Franken, Marie-Christine; Garbarino, Julianne; Gerlach-Houck, Hope; Gillis, Corrin I.; Hall, Nancy E.; Hearne, Anna; Herring, Caryn; Jackson, Eric S.; Johnson, Kia Noelle; Jones, Robin; Kelly, Ellen M.; Kraft, Shelly Jo; LaSalle, Lisa; Logan, Kenneth J.; Maguire, Gerald; Millard, Sharon; Nil, Luc F. De; Ntourou, Katerina; Ratner, Nan Bernstein; Reichel, Isabella; Rodgers, Naomi; Scott, Kathleen Scaler; Singer, Cara M.; Sønsterud, Hilda; Tendera, Anna; Theys, Catherine; Tumanova, Victoria; Usler, Evan; Wagovich, Stacy; Yaruss, J. Scott; Zengin-Bolatkale, Hatun

Title: Stuttering and Related Disorders of Fluency

Print ISBN: 9781684202539; Online ISBN: 9781684202638; Book DOI: 10.1055/b000000273

Subjects: Otorhinolaryngology, Phoniatrics, Audiology

Thieme Clinical Collections (English Language)

Courtney Byrd, Kia Noelle Johnson, and Julie Fortier-Blanc


In this chapter, we explore the relationship between typically fluent speech and stuttering in both mono- and multilingual individuals. General information and characteristics regarding bilingualism will be presented along with the inherent difficulties encountered when using English monolingual guidelines for assessing stuttering in bilingual speakers. Suggestions are made to help clinicians accurately diagnose those who do stutter. Treatment issues with bilingual populations will be discussed including ways to better adapt our intervention with these speakers. We take into account multicultural considerations and how best to incorporate them when assessing and treating culturally diverse children and adults. Together, these learning outcomes will ensure that you are equipped to provide quality care to persons who stutter from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds.

  • 2 Grosjean F. Studying bilinguals: Methodological and conceptual issues. In: Bhatia TK, Ritchie WC, eds. The Handbook of Bilingualism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2004:32–63
  • 6 Paradis J, Genesee F, Crago MB. Dual language development and disorders: a handbook on bilingualism and second language learning. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company; 2011
  • 28 Riley G, Bakker K. SSI-4: Stuttering Severity Instrument. Austin, TX: PRO-ED; 2009
  • 29 Vanryckeghem M, Brutten EJ. KiddyCat: Communication Attitude Test for Preschool and Kindergarten Children Who Stutter. San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing Incorporated; 2007
  • 30 Gillam RB, Logan KJ, Pearson NA. TOCS: Test of Childhood Stuttering. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed, 2009
  • 34 Yaruss JS, Quesal RW. Overall Assessment of the Speaker’s Experience of Stuttering (OASES). McKinney, TX: Stuttering Therapy Resources; 2016
  • 35 Stuttering Therapy Resources. Frequently Asked Questions. 2018. Available at: https://www.stutteringtherapyresources.com/menu-oases#frequently-asked-questions
  • 39 Roseberry-McKibbin Celeste. Multicultural students with special language needs. Oceanside, CA: Academic Communication Associates; 2014
  • 40 Nishishiba M. Culturally mindful communication: essential skills for public and nonprofit professionals. New York, NY: Routledge; 2018
  • 41 Klein MD, Chen D. Working with children from culturally diverse backgrounds. Albany, NY: Delmar; 2001
  • 42 Harrison E, Onslow M. (2010). The Lidcombe program for preschool children who stutter. Treatment of stuttering: Established and emerging interventions; 2010:118--140
  • 43 Kelman E, Nicholas A. Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Early Childhood Stammering. Abingdon, UK: Routledge; 2020